Commissioned by the United States Army War College
Class of 2008.
French and Indian forces, employing irregular
tactics, disastrously defeated British forces under General Edward
Braddock along the Monongahela in 1755. Braddock�s inability to
capture France�s Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh) constituted a severe
reversal for British efforts in the early stages of the French and
In 1758, the future site of Carlisle Barracks
played a pivotal role in the second expedition against Fort Duquesne,
when the British presented General John Forbes with the task of forming
an expeditionary force to take the French fort. Forbes� second in
command was Colonel Henry Bouquet, a Swiss born officer, and perhaps the
foremost soldier of his day. Bouquet possessed a unique understanding of
campaigning in the Appalachians and was tasked to build and train the
force at Carlisle.
Bouquet arrived at Carlisle in mid-May 1758 and
rapidly developed a cohesive fighting force consisting of the Royal
Americans (60th Regiment), Highlanders (77th Regiment), the Provincial
Pennsylvania Regiment, and a mixed force of Cherokee and Catawba
Indians. Bouquet�s focus on training irregular tactics ultimately
led to a British victory at Fort Duquesne in December 1758. Henry
Bouquet later gained additional fame for his victory over Native
Americans at the Battle of Bushy Run (1763), and for subduing the tribes
in Ohio in 1764.
The painted scene depicts Colonel Bouquet
observing irregular training at Carlisle in 1758 along Letort Stream.
Royal American officers and noncommissioned officers are training the
Pennsylvanians, while Native American allies observe.