Civil War and Historical Art
Learning the Trade

Commissioned by the United States Army War College
Class of 2008.

French and Indian forces, employing irregular tactics, disastrously defeated British forces under General Edward Braddock along the Monongahela in 1755. Braddock�s inability to capture France�s Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh) constituted a severe reversal for British efforts in the early stages of the French and Indian War.

In 1758, the future site of Carlisle Barracks played a pivotal role in the second expedition against Fort Duquesne, when the British presented General John Forbes with the task of forming an expeditionary force to take the French fort. Forbes� second in command was Colonel Henry Bouquet, a Swiss born officer, and perhaps the foremost soldier of his day. Bouquet possessed a unique understanding of campaigning in the Appalachians and was tasked to build and train the force at Carlisle.

Bouquet arrived at Carlisle in mid-May 1758 and rapidly developed a cohesive fighting force consisting of the Royal Americans (60th Regiment), Highlanders (77th Regiment), the Provincial Pennsylvania Regiment, and a mixed force of Cherokee and Catawba Indians. Bouquet�s focus on training irregular tactics ultimately led to a British victory at Fort Duquesne in December 1758. Henry Bouquet later gained additional fame for his victory over Native Americans at the Battle of Bushy Run (1763), and for subduing the tribes in Ohio in 1764.

The painted scene depicts Colonel Bouquet observing irregular training at Carlisle in 1758 along Letort Stream. Royal American officers and noncommissioned officers are training the Pennsylvanians, while Native American allies observe.

$150 20 x 24             Call 800-731-0060
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